12th September 23

Injury Screening: Identifying Risks and Ensuring Safety This Preseason

What is an Injury Screening?

Injury screening is a crucial preventative measure in the realm of personal health and fitness. It
involves a comprehensive evaluation of an individual’s physical condition to identify potential
risks and vulnerabilities that could lead to injury.

This process includes assessing muscular strength, joint flexibility, and biomechanical efficiency,
along with a detailed review of personal health history. The primary goal of injury screening is to
mitigate injury risk by identifying and addressing these risks before they lead to more serious
complications. Injury Screenings are utilised by athletes during preseason training to avoid
potential sports injuries.

This proactive approach allows for the development of personalised training and conditioning
programs, ensuring safety while optimising performance. The importance and benefits of an
injury screening cannot be overstated. It plays a vital role in not only safeguarding one’s health
but also enhancing athletic performance prior to your sporting event.

By identifying potential risk factors early, it allows for the implementation of preventative
strategies, thus reducing the likelihood of injuries that can sideline individuals from physical
activities or, in severe cases, lead to long-term health issues.

Furthermore, injury screening can guide the customisation of training regimens, ensuring they
are both safe and effective for the individual’s unique physical condition.

This personalised approach promotes optimal performance, faster progress, and improved
overall fitness, underlining the significant advantages of incorporating injury screening into
regular health and fitness routines.

Common Sports Injuries

Common sports injuries vary widely due to the different physical demands of each sport, but
there are certain injuries that are more prevalent.

These include sprains and strains, which are injuries to the ligaments and muscles respectively,
often resulting from overuse or acute trauma. Fractures and dislocations are severe injuries that
affect the bones, often requiring medical attention and a significant recovery period.

Overuse injuries such as tendinitis and stress fractures occur when athletes repeatedly exert
certain muscle groups without adequate rest.

Understanding these common injuries can help inform sports injury prevention strategies and
early detection during injury screenings ideally during pre season training.

What Happens During an Injury Screening?

Injury screenings are a systematic procedure that examines the physical condition of an
individual, highlighting potential weaknesses, imbalances or previous injuries that may
predispose them to future harm.

These screens often incorporate a range of tests, which may be functional, strength-based, or
mobility-based in nature, and are usually tailored towards the specific needs of the individual or
the demands of their sport or physical activity.

The data gathered from these tests is then used to create a risk profile for each individual, which
can help guide subsequent training strategies, preventative exercises, and recovery methods.

Thus, injury screening serves as a valuable tool in the realm of preventative healthcare, helping
prevent sports injuries and promote overall fitness and performance.

Methods and Techniques in Injury Screening

Numerous methods and techniques are employed in injury screening, each designed to assess
specific aspects of an individual’s physical health. Some of these include Functional Movement
Screens (FMS), which evaluate the quality of movements such as lunging or squatting to
identify any deficiencies or asymmetries.

Another commonly used method is the Y-Balance Test, which examines an individual’s balance
and reach distances, providing insight into their risk of lower body injuries.

Furthermore, goniometric measurements are often taken to assess joint flexibility and range of
motion, allowing for the identification of any restrictions that could potentially lead to injury.
Muscular strength tests, such as the manual muscle test, evaluate the power of specific muscle
groups, helping to uncover any weaknesses or imbalances that could be problematic.

Each of these techniques, when used in concert, provides a comprehensive overview of a
person’s physical condition, crucial for creating an effective and individualised injury prevention

Benefits of Injury Screening

Injury screening is fundamentally designed to preempt future injuries. It does so by pinpointing
potential risk factors, which could be weak muscles, flexibility deficits, or biomechanical
inefficiencies, well before they translate into injuries. By highlighting these vulnerabilities,
professionals can prescribe targeted interventions in the form of corrective exercises, flexibility
routines, or strength training protocols, designed to strengthen these areas and improve overall
physical function.

Moreover, injury screening can help detect old injuries that may not have fully healed, putting an
individual at risk for re-injury. In these instances, the screening process informs a proper
recovery plan, which may include physical therapy or modified training, thereby reducing the
likelihood of future harm.

Additionally, the data gathered from injury screening can guide the optimisation of training
routines. Such customised training programs that cater to an individual’s unique physical profile
not only enhance performance but also minimise the risk of overuse or stress-related injuries.
Injury screening also plays a pivotal role in the early detection of potential health risks that may
not be immediately apparent. Through meticulous examination of an individual’s physical
condition, it provides a valuable opportunity to detect subtle signs or symptoms that may
indicate underlying health issues.

For instance, consistent weaknesses in certain muscle groups or recurring pain in specific areas
might signify more systemic health problems. These could range from chronic conditions like
arthritis to acute ailments such as tendinitis.

Early detection of such issues through injury screening enables timely intervention, facilitating
optimal management and treatment of these conditions, and preventing their progression into
more serious complications.

Who Can Benefit From Injury Screening?

Athletes, in particular, stand to gain immensely from routine injury screening. In the world of
sports, where performance is king, the ability to identify and address potential weaknesses or
imbalances early can be the difference between success and setback.

By revealing any functional deficits, injury screenings enable the development of targeted
training programs that enhance athletic performance while minimising the risk of injury.
This is crucial for athletes as it allows for consistent training and competition, without the
disruptions caused by avoidable injuries.

Moreover, for athletes recovering from previous injuries, these screenings can help establish a
safe and effective return-to-play strategy, ensuring they are adequately healed and conditioned
before resuming full-intensity training and competition.

In essence, injury screening is an invaluable tool in an athlete’s arsenal, promoting longevity
and peak performance in their sporting career.

Physically active individuals, not just professional athletes, can greatly benefit from injury

Regular participation in physical activities, while beneficial for overall health, can also lead to
overuse injuries or expose underlying health issues. Injury screening helps identify these issues
early on, enabling individuals to take timely corrective action.

Whether it’s a runner trying to improve their stride, a gym-goer looking to maximise their
strength training, or a yoga enthusiast aiming for better flexibility, knowing one’s physical
limitations and strengths can lead to a more effective, safe, and enjoyable exercise routine.

Appropriate modifications can be made to training regimens based on the results of the injury
screening, optimising performance and minimising the risk of injury.

Thus, injury screening provides a proactive approach to health and fitness, encouraging
longevity in physical activity and enhancing overall quality of life.

Injury Screening for Injury Prevention

For individuals with a history of injuries, injury screening can prove exceptionally beneficial. By
conducting a comprehensive evaluation of their physical condition, injury screening can detect
lingering issues from previous injuries that might still be affecting the individual’s function.

This may include residual weaknesses, decreased range of motion, or altered movement
patterns that could be contributing to ongoing discomfort or impairment. Once these issues are
identified, appropriate therapeutic interventions can be implemented.

This could involve targeted exercises to strengthen weak muscles, stretching routines to
improve flexibility, or movement retraining to correct biomechanical inefficiencies. By directly
addressing the residual effects of past injuries, these interventions can help individuals recover
fully, regain their previous level of function, and significantly reduce the risk of re-injury.

Furthermore, regular injury screenings can monitor the progress of recovery and adapt the
rehabilitation plan as needed, ensuring a safe and effective return to physical activity.

Injury Screening in Different Sports

Injury screening can be tailored to suit different sports, considering the specific demands and
inherent risks associated with each activity.

For instance, a sport like basketball, which involves intense sprints, jumps, and sudden direction
changes, might require a focus on screening for ankle, knee, and hip stability, as well as
assessing agility and power metrics.

On the other hand, a sport like swimming, characterised by repetitive, symmetrical movements,
would benefit from emphasis on shoulder mobility, core strength, and examining patterns of
muscular imbalances or weaknesses that could lead to conditions such as swimmer’s shoulder.

A sport-specific injury screening can help prevent common injuries associated with the demands
of each sport, thereby enhancing the performance and safety of athletes.

Case Studies of Injury Screening in Sports

Basketball: The NBA’s Prevention Strategy

The National Basketball Association (NBA) has been proactive in implementing injury screening
protocols for its athletes. Through these screenings, teams have been able to identify potential
risk factors and incorporate preventive measures into their training routines. Such detailed
attention to health and prevention has led to a decrease in the instances of common injuries like
ankle sprains and knee ligament tears.

Football: FIFA’s 11+ Program

FIFA, the international governing body for football, introduced the 11+ warm-up program
designed to reduce injuries among football players. The program includes injury screening tests
during pre season football training to evaluate players’ physical condition, identifying areas of
weakness or imbalance. Evidence shows that teams implementing the 11+ program have seen
significant decreases in injury rates.

Swimming: Shoulder Injury Prevention in Swimmers

Swimmers often experience overuse injuries, especially in the shoulder, due to repetitive
motion. Swim teams have adopted injury screening measures to identify risk factors, such as
poor shoulder mobility or strength imbalances, early on. This proactive approach has helped
swimmers adjust their technique and strength training routines, reducing instances of
‘swimmer’s shoulder’.

Running: Prevention of Overuse Injuries

Injury screening for runners often focuses on identifying imbalances that might lead to common
overuse injuries like shin splints or runner’s knee. By addressing these issues proactively,
runners have seen improvements in their performance and a decrease in injury rates.

Tennis: The Role of Injury Screening in Preventing Tennis Elbow

Tennis players are prone to ‘tennis elbow’, a painful condition caused by overuse of forearm
muscles. Through injury screening, players can detect early signs of the condition and make
modifications to their technique or strength training program, helping prevent progression into a
more serious injury.

These case studies illustrate the tangible benefits of injury screening in sports, highlighting its
role in enhancing athletes’ health, performance, and career longevity.

Injury Screening in Sports

Injury screening plays a pivotal role in sports, serving as a proactive measure to assess an
individual’s physical condition, identify potential risks, and implement necessary preventive

It recognises the unique demands and inherent risks of each sport, allowing for the creation of
tailored screening protocols.

This early identification of weaknesses, imbalances, or residual effects of past injuries allows for
the implementation of appropriate interventions that can enhance performance, ensure safety,
and minimise the risk of injury.

From the casual fitness enthusiast to the professional athlete, injury screening is essential in
promoting health, optimising physical function, and contributing to the longevity of an individual’s
active lifestyle.

If you’re an athlete, a fitness enthusiast, or even someone just starting their journey towards an
active lifestyle, injury screening is an invaluable tool in your arsenal.

It’s a proactive step for health, wellness, and longevity in any physical activity you pursue.

Remember, prevention is better than cure, and determining potential risk factors through injury
screening can save you from debilitating injuries that can sideline you in the future.

Prioritise your wellbeing, take the time to get screened, and empower yourself with the
knowledge you need to promote a healthy, balanced, and injury-free lifestyle.

Injury Screening at Carter & George

At Carter & George, we provide comprehensive injury screening services tailored to your needs.
Our team of skilled health professionals utilises cutting-edge technologies and methodologies to
assess your physical condition and identify any risk factors. The Conditioning Coach will assess
either your upper body or lower body, depending on your sport or the area where you have
experienced repetitive sports-related injuries.

We understand the unique needs of different sports and physical activities, enabling us to
deliver sport-specific screenings. Our approach goes beyond mere diagnostics – we also offer
actionable insights and preventive strategies to mitigate frequent sports injuries. These plans
can then be applied during fitness and strength training. Our goal is to empower you to enjoy
your favourite physical activities safely and confidently, while optimising your performance and
promoting a healthier, balanced lifestyle.

You can access an Injury Screening at all our practices, including our newest clinic in Hitchin.